The study of genetic variation in indigenous human populations has long been a focus of anthropological genetic research, but new technological, legal, social, and ethical developments have recently begun to reshape this field of inquiry in important ways. Over the last decade, advances in next-‐generation sequencing and other high-‐throughput technologies have made it possible to address new scientific questions and to use new methodologies to answer more traditional questions about indigenous peoples. Lawsuits like the Havasupai’s case against the Arizona Board of Regents have drawn attention to indigenous concerns about genetic studies, and awareness of the social and political repercussions of indigenous genomic research has also increased in recent years. Furthermore, the nature of interactions between scientists and indigenous communities is evolving as new collaborations are established, new ethics guidelines are released, and new oversight processes are developed.
In this symposium, we will examine the current state of genetic research with indigenous populations, highlighting recent innovative studies as well as relevant ethical, legal, and social issues. We will discuss the challenges and opportunities facing anthropological geneticists today, and consider the future of genetic research with indigenous peoples.
|8:30-8:45||Ancient and modern genetic diversity of Iñupiat populations from the Alaskan North Slope. J C. Tackney, J A. Raff, M Rzhetskaya, A M. Jensen, D H. O'Rourke, M G. Hayes.|
|8:45-9:00||The extent of rare, population specific genomic copy number variation: Implications for indigenous human populations. Omer Gokcumen.|
|9:15-9:30||Genomic and metagenomic research with Peruvian indigenous communities. Alexandra J. Obregon-Tito, Raul Y. Tito, Duilio Fuentes-Delgado, Paul Spicer, Cecil M. Lewis.|
|9:30-9:45||From scientific specimen to indigenous cultural property: the collection and use of Australian indigenous DNA samples since the 1960s. Emma E. Kowal.|
|9:45-10:00||Facilitating discussion and awareness with the Summer Internship for Native Americans in Genomics (SING). Ripan S. Malhi.|
|10:15-10:30||Assessing the impact of the Havasupai lawsuit on genetic research studies. Nanibaa' A. Garrison.|