The 81st Annual Meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists (2012)

Amud 7, a Neandertal infant from Amud Cave, Israel


1Department of Anatomy and Anthropology, Sackler Faculty of Medicine,, Tel Aviv University, 2Physical Therapy Department, Zefat Academic College, Zefat, Israel.

Saturday All day, Plaza Level Add to calendar

During the renewed excavation (1991-1992) at the Amud cave in the Galilee, in northern Israel, a partial skeleton of an infant was found. The skeleton, Amud 7, is that of a young Neandertal whose estimated age is 10 months and has been dated at about 45 thousand years. The base of the Amud 7 skull was published shortly after its discovery (Rak et al. 1994).

The aim of this study is to describe all the skeletal remains of Amud 7, to determine whether scattered remains assigned to other individuals might actually belong to Amud 7, and to compare the hitherto undescribed postcranial morphology of Amud 7 to that of other Neandertal and modern human infants.

We will discuss elements of the Amud 7 calvarium and mandible that have not yet been described; the clavicle, scapula, and humerus; and fragments representing the seven cervical vertebrae, eight thoracic vertebrae, three lumbar vertebrae, and the first to twelfth ribs. We will also present the remains of the ilium and tibia.

Our preliminary inspection reveals some Neandertal characteristics of the Amud 7 skeleton, such as a pitted suprainiac fossa; a square outline of the broad, chinless mandible; a highly curved clavicle; a narrow glenoid cavity with a large axilloglenoid angle; and a relatively straight first rib.

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