1ANPCyT, Universidad Nacional de Catamarca - Universidad Nacional de Santiago del Estero, 2División Antropología, Universidad Nacional de La Plata
Thursday All day, Park Concourse
Cardón Mocho is a recently discovered archaeological site found in the vicinities of Azampay, province of Catamarca, in the northwestern region of Argentina. Several archaeological excavations conducted in the area during 2010 and 2011 under the auspices of Agencia Nacional de Promoción Científica y Tecnológica (ANPCyT) have uncovered human burials dating to AD 0-200. The site has yielded until now the skeletal remains of 11 individuals. Standard practice for in situ documentation of these burials and skeletal inventory and other aspects of data collection were conducted following previously published procedures, in order to obtain a population sample for osteological analysis. Age at death and sex were estimated using standard procedures. Lower limb bones were measured to allow calculation of living stature. Dental and skeletal pathologies have also been examined. The 11 skeletons from Cardón Mocho consist of 7 adults, including 4 females and 3 males, and 4 immature individuals. Dental lesions were noted, including alveolar abscesses, caries, and linear enamel hypoplasia. Skeletal lesions probably attributed to osteomyelitis, signs of trauma, vertebral osteophytosis, abnormal periosteal bone apposition and porotic hyperostosis of the parietals were also observed. One individual displays cultural modification of the head. The presence of ornaments on some individuals may suggest social differences in this ancient society. This study is part of a research project that aims to examine long term temporal changes in skeletal samples from this particular region. Additional research will be needed to place these preliminary results in a greater temporal and geographical context.