1Department of Archaeology, Directorate of B.-A.-Z. County Museums, 2Joint POW/MIA Accounting Command, Joint POW/MIA Accounting Command, 3Department of Anthropology, Hungarian Natural History Museum, 4The Szekler Museum of Ciuc, The Szekler Museum of Ciuc, 5Department of Diagnostic Radiology and Oncotherapy, Semmelweis University, 6Retired Associate Professor, University of Szeged, 7Department of Biological Anthropology, Eötvös Loránd University
Friday All day, Clinch Concourse
In our study we present a new paleopathological case of diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH) from Transylvania, Romania.
Archaeological excavations between 2002-2005 revealed the early periods of the parish church of Csíksomlyó (Romanian Șumuleu Ciuc, Harghita county, Transylvania, Romania). During the excavation period 70 graves were recovered.
Grave no. 65 was recovered from the „Sándor-crypt”, which was dated to the 18th century. The skeletal analysis of the mature male revealed a severe case of DISH.
The anterior longitudinal ligament (ALL) was ossified between the 3-12 thoracic vertebrae. On the lumbar section the L1-L2-L3 vertebrae's ALL was ossified. Block evolved between the 5-11 thoracic vertebrae. On the corpus of each cervical vertebra osteophyte formation was noticed. The sacroiliacal joint was unaffected. On both hip bones osteophytes were found: on os ilium, os ischium and on os pubis; extremely pronounced on both tuber ischiadicum and crista iliaca. Arthrosis was noticed on every joint, on both shoulders, elbows, hips, and knee joints. Enthesopathies were detected on: both scapulae, humeri, radii and ulnae; both femora (well pronounced on the greater and lesser trochanter and linea aspera) both tibiae (pronounced on both tuber tibiae and linea musculi solei); both fibulae, calcanei, patellae and claviculae.