The 82nd Annual Meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists (2013)


PREVALENCE OF PORTUGUESE PRESCHOOL OBESITY AND ASSOCIATIONS WITH FAMILY CHARACTERISTICAS AND CHILD BEHAVIOURS

CRISTINA PADEZ.

Life Sciences, University of Coimbra

Saturday 4:45-5:00, Ballroom B Add to calendar

Childhood obesity is a major health problem in Portugal. The aim of this study is to analyze the prevalence of childhood obesity in children aged 3.0-6.0 years old and the association of parental characteristics and child behaviors with child obesity.

A cross-sectional study was done in a sample of 8089 children, aged 3.0-6.0 y. Weight and height were measured. Overweight and obesity, using cut-off points as defined by the IOTF, were used. Data was analyzed using the chi-square test and the multivariate logistic regression analysis adjusted for age and sex. The prevalence of obesity (including overweight) in boys was 10.2% and in girls was 14.0%. The prevalence of obesity increased by time of TV viewing: < 2h, 23.2% and ≥ 2 h, 25,4%; decreased by active play < 2 h, 23,6% and ≥ 2 h, 28.6%; increased with breakfast skipping, yes 24.4% and no, 32.9%, increased with father obesity - father overweight, 26,9 and father obesity, 36.3% - and mother obesity, mother overweight, 31,1% and mother obesity, 38.2%; decreased with father educational level, 4 years, 29.0%, 6 y, 27.9%, 9y, 25.7%, 12y, 24.8% and > 12 years, 19.7% as well as mother educational level, 6 y, 30.1%, 6 y, 28.7%, 9y 26.2% 12y, 24.4% and > 12 y, 21.6%.

Portuguese schoolchildren showed a highest percentage of obesity what constitutes an important health problem in Portugal. Moreover, sedentary behaviors and unhealthy behaviors such as skipping breakfast were significantly associated with child obesity.

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