The 87th Annual Meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists (2018)

Session 10. Thinking Computationally about Forensics: Anthropological Perspectives on Advancements in Technologies, Data and Algorithms. Invited Poster Symposium. Chair: Bridget F.B. Algee-Hewitt, Jieun Kim Co-organizers: Algee-Hewitt, Bridget F. B. (Stanford University); Kim, Jieun (Florida State University)

April 12, 2018 , Texas VII Add to calendar

Computational methods offer several advantages to the study of anthropological data, particularly in their important practical contributions to human identification in the forensic sciences. Through the analysis of large quantities of information, they allow researchers to perform more comprehensive or deeper investigations, effectively overcoming the limitations of cognitive ability and building stronger scientific foundations for applied techniques. By probing data in previously unavailable ways, computational tools also give means to reveal latent data trends, identify and explore novel questions, and establish inferential procedures that deliver more satisfying results. Finally, when computational systems are used to represent expert knowledge, they allow researchers to better capture, distill and interpret complex data, while also improving precision and accuracy, reducing subjectivity, and facilitating the automation of traditional procedures. However, researchers and practitioners alike must contend with evolving issues of software compatibility and data management, bioethical concerns over the new kinds of information now accessible, and the question of best practices for the dissemination of results among peers, in the classroom, for the medico-legal community, and to the public.

The purpose of this symposium is to provide a forum to 1) introduce new algorithmic advances and methodological improvement, 2) present work on the application of computational techniques to understudied populations, novel datasets or new information types, and 3) speak to the challenges that the revolution in data technologies may pose for future scientific investigation as well as the broader social effects on issues of policy, privacy and lay interpretation. This symposium brings together a mix of participants, who engage wide-ranging skeletal, genomic, phenotypic and meta-data analyses. Nevertheless, their contributions are linked by an interest in advancing computational research that has implications for the forensic anthropological sciences, to enrich current procedures and with the potential to change the course of future human identification practice. 

Welcome remarks
Authors present at posters
Software demo set-up
Select participants demo software
Introduction: Bridget F.B. Algee-Hewitt and Jieun Kim
Discussant: Dawnie W. Steadman
Discussant: Dennis E. Slice
Audience Discussion
1 Add to calendar Markov Chain Monte Carlo methods in human skeletal identification. Lyle W. Konigsberg, Susan R. Frankenberg.
2 Add to calendar Elucidating ancestry variation in the Philippines via mixture analysis. Bridget FB. Algee-Hewitt, Matthew C. Go, Beatrix Dudzik, Cris E. Hughes.
3 Add to calendar Within-population variation of Texas-Mexico border migrants: A comparative computational analysis. Briana T. New, Kate Spradley, Lars Fehren-Schmitz, Nicholas P. Herrmann.
4 Add to calendar The Role of Simulated Data in Making the Best Predictions. Stephen D. Ousley, George R. Milner, Jesper L. Boldsen, Richard L. Jantz.
5 Add to calendar Enhancing craniofacial identification methods with CT data. Terrie Simmons-Ehrhardt, Catyana Falsetti, Anthony B. Falsetti, Christopher J. Ehrhardt.
6 Add to calendar Facilitating Practitioner Interaction with 3D Craniofacial Identification Resources. Anthony Falsetti, Terrie B. Simmons-Ehrhardt, Catyana RS. Falsetti, Christopher J. Ehrhardt.
7 Add to calendar Can a skull tell us the facial shape?: prediction of facial components based on craniometric analysis. Won-Joon Lee, U-Young Lee, Sang-Seob Lee, Byung-Yoon Roh, Jeong-Uk Seo, Chang-Un Choi, Ki-Su Park, Ji-Su Yun, Soo-Min Kim.
8 Add to calendar Three-dimensional skull and face models: the measurements based on the landmark coordinates. U-Young Lee, Dong-Ho Kim.
9 Add to calendar Age-at-death estimation based on the female pubic symphysis using computational methods and 3D laser scans. Detelina K. Stoyanova, Jieun Kim, Cristina Figueroa-Soto, Dennis E. Slice, Bridget FB. Algee-Hewitt.
10 Add to calendar Understanding population variability in age-at-death estimation for modern populations in Mexico and Puerto Rico through the use of 3D laser scans of the pubic symphysis. Cristina Figueroa-Soto, Jieun Kim, Detelina Stoyanova, Dennis E. Slice, Bridget FB. Algee-Hewitt.
11 Add to calendar New approaches to juvenile age estimation in forensics: Application of transition analysis via the Shackelford et al. method to a diverse modern subadult sample. Kelly R. Kamnikar, Nicholas P. Herrmann, Amber M. Plemons.
12 Add to calendar Immunological age estimation for forensics. Sohee Cho, Hwan Young Lee, Ji Hyun Lee, Moon Young Kim, Soong Deok Lee.
13 Add to calendar Matching CODIS genotypes to SNP genotypes using linkage disequilibrium. Michael D. Edge, Bridget F.B. Algee-Hewitt, Jaehee Kim, Trevor Pemberton, Jun Z. Li, Noah A. Rosenberg.
14 Add to calendar Compatibility of Ancestry Composition Estimations of Forensic STR loci versus Ancestry Informative Markers. Cris E. Hughes, Bridget FB. Algee-Hewitt.
15 Add to calendar Computing Ancestry and Race: narrative and semantic patterns in the forensic language of identity. Mark A. Algee-Hewitt, Bridget FB. Algee-Hewitt.
16 Add to calendar The challenges of forensic geolocation in the context of water insecurity in Mexico: Understanding the relationships and limitations between isotopes in drinking water, teeth and hair. Robin Ramey, Chelsey A. Juarez.
17 Add to calendar Current progress in the forensic entomological baseline data collection and associated software development program supported by the Korean National Police Agency. jinhyuk Choi, Sang Eon Shin, Im-Joo Rhyu, Seong Hwan Park.
18 Add to calendar A forensic anthropology user interface for automating search using remotely sensed data from unmanned aerial vehicles: preliminary findings. Daniel J. Wescott, Derek T. Anderson, Robert Moorhead, Bryce Murray.