The 87th Annual Meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists (2018)

Session 31. A Community of Care: Expanding Bioarchaeology of Care to Population Level Analyses. Invited Poster Symposium. Chair: Alecia A. Schrenk, Lori A. Tremblay Co-organizers: Alecia Schrenk, University of Nevada, Las Vegas; Lori Tremblay Critcher, Ohio State University

April 13, 2018 , Hill Country D Add to calendar

Six years ago, Tilley introduced a formal Bioarchaeology of Care approach for analyzing the experiences of health-related care in the past. While this approach has gained traction in bioarchaeology, it is still a very new and needs to be expanded. Originally, the Bioarchaeology of Care was designed for individual case-study based analysis making population-level analyses challenging. The purpose of this session is to expand and explore new and innovative methods for conducting population level analyses of healthcare, which is crucial for understanding the complexities of caregiving in the past. Most importantly, these analyses highlight the burden placed on a community which must decide whether to provide resources when caring for sick, injured, impaired, and disabled individuals. Since different diseases have different provisioning needs, impairments, and recovery rates, the community would need to strategize about how to provide care for multiple individuals simultaneously. Posters in this session cover a wide range of healthcare topics and analyses, such as modern nursing perspectives, healthcare and social violence, the burden of healthcare for the community, non-adult healthcare, euthanasia, and the role of social identity in community healthcare. These population-level analyses of past healthcare will allow us to obtain a deeper understanding of how communities understood and cared for those individuals who were suffering from disease, disability, or other kinds of ailments. Ultimately, understanding how past healthcare provisioning affected individuals and their communities can provide new tactics to healthcare provisioning in the modern world.

Short Presentations by Authors (10 min each)
Discussant: Ann Stodder
Informal Poster Viewing
1 Add to calendar New Perspectives on Past Healthcare: Challenges and Opportunities for Bioarchaeological Analyses of Population Level Healthcare in the Past. Lori A. Tremblay, Alecia A. Schrenk.
2 Add to calendar Conceptual approaches to the bioarchaeology of "community" care using knowledge from personal experiences of care giving. Charlotte A. Roberts.
3 Add to calendar Population level approaches to differential caregiving at a historic hospital. Colleen F. Milligan, Lisa N. Bright.
4 Add to calendar Social Identity and Disability in Prehistoric Central California: evidence for community support, accommodation, and care at the Yukisma Mound (CA-SCL-38). Karen S. Gardner, Eric J. Bartelink, Antoinette Martinez, Alan Leventhal, Rosemary Cambra.
5 Add to calendar The Bioarchaeology of Care for Individuals with Reduced Mobility in Non-Sedentary Societies. AnnaMarie Casserly, Briana R. Moore.
6 Add to calendar Communities of care and violence: The argument for simultaneous consideration of these seemingly disparate concepts in prehistory. Diana S. Simpson.
7 Add to calendar The Burden of Care: Exploring the relationship between morbidity load and need for care at the Middle Archaic (8000 - 5000 BP) site of Carrier Mills, IL. Alecia Schrenk.