The 87th Annual Meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists (2018)


Session 32. The Necessity of Experimental Research in Primate Functional Morphology: An Homage to the Stony Brook Primate Locomotion Laboratory. Invited Poster Symposium. Chair: Jesse W. Young, Nicholas Holowka, Biren Patel, John Polk, Nathan Thompson, Ian Wallace Co-organizers: Nicholas B. Holowka, Department of Human Evolutionary Biology, Harvard University; Biren A. Patel, Department of Integrative Anatomical Sciences, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern Califo

April 13, 2018 , Texas VII Add to calendar

For the past 40 years, the Stony Brook Primate Locomotion Laboratory has been at the forefront of research into primate functional morphology, biomechanics, and locomotor performance.  The laboratory has been central to the development of critical research techniques and methodologies for the study of primate locomotion and feeding mechanics in vivo. These include the use of electromyography to detect muscle activation patterns, strain gauges to measure bone loading, force transducers and dynamic pressure platforms to study locomotor kinetics, and three-dimensional motion capture for quantifying gait kinematics.  Beginning with the pioneering work of Jack Stern and colleagues in the 1970s, application of these techniques in a variety of non-human primate species, from lemurs to chimpanzees, has fundamentally advanced our understanding of the uniqueness of primate movement and neuromusculoskeletal function compared to other animals.  The numerous insights gleaned from this comparative biomechanics research program have served as the foundation for interpretations of the functional significance of ancient primate fossil morphology, most notably early hominins. This symposium pays homage to that body of work by presenting current and ongoing work from individuals who helped develop, contributed to, and have been trained in, the Stony Brook Primate Locomotion Laboratory.  The presentations in this symposium showcase the latest advances in the study of primate locomotion and demonstrate the continuing relevance and vitality of in vivo primate experimental studies.

Opening Remarks: Liza Shapiro
Individual Poster Presentations (Odd)
Discussant: Kristin Lasek
BREAK
Individual Poster Presentations (Even)
Discussant: Daniel Lieberman
Concluding Remarks
1 Add to calendar Telemetered electromyography of flexor digitorum profundus and flexor digitorum superficialis in chimpanzees revisited 40 years later: implications for interpreting fossil hominin hand morphology. Biren A. Patel, Susan G. Larson, Jack T. Stern, Jr..
2 Add to calendar The power stroke and the power curve. Christine E. Wall.
3 Add to calendar Preliminary 3-D kinematic data of wild mountain gorilla terrestrial locomotion: using lab-based methods in ape environments. Nathan E. Thompson, Kelly R. Ostrofsky, Shannon C. McFarlin, Martha M. Robbins, Danielle Rubinstein, Sergio Almécija.
4 Add to calendar Digit clearance patterns in primates vary by limb and substrate reflecting different strategies between arboreal and terrestrial locomotion. Daniel Schmitt, Angel Zeininger, Pierre Lemelin, Charlotte E. Miller, Michael C. Granatosky, Jandy B. Hanna, Roshna E. Wunderlich, Tracy L. Kivell, Michael D. Rose, Jean E. Turnquist.
5 Add to calendar An XROMM analysis of midfoot mobility in non-human primates. Michael C. Granatosky, Myra F. Laird, Sharon Kuo, Zeresenay Alemseged, Callum F. Ross.
6 Add to calendar Field perspectives on primate locomotion and functional morphology: tales from the Tai Forest. W. Scott. McGraw, Noah T. Dunham, Erin E. Kane, Richard Paacho, Taylor A. Polvadore, David J. Daegling.
7 Add to calendar Foot sole cushioning lowers the magnitude and rate of tibial shaft strains recorded in vivo during running. Ian J. Wallace, Michael Ruiz, Nicholas B. Holowka, Daniel E. Lieberman.
8 Add to calendar Modelling variability in limb loading during simulated arboreal locomotion: an experimental approach. Kristian J. Carlson.
9 Add to calendar Chimpanzee plantar pressure distributions and the evolution of bipedal plantigrady. Nicholas B. Holowka, Kevin G. Hatala, Brigitte Demes, Nathan E. Thompson, Roshna E. Wunderlich.
10 Add to calendar Plantar pressure distribution during bipedalism in nonhuman primates. Roshna E. Wunderlich.
11 Add to calendar Individual muscle contributions to support, progression and balance in bipedal chimpanzee and human walking. Matthew C. O'Neill, Brian R. Umberger.
12 Add to calendar Center of mass movements and energy recovery during arm-swinging in atelines. Angel Zeininger, Daniel Schmitt, Michael D. Rose, Jean E. Turnquist.
13 Add to calendar The past, present and future of research on primate biomechanics in Belgium. Evie E. Vereecke, Peter Aerts, Kristiaan D'Aout, Jeroen Stevens.
14 Add to calendar Quantifying energy costs in the primate feeding system. Myra F. Laird, Michael C. Granatosky, Christine E. Wall, Andrea B. Taylor, Callum F. Ross.
15 Add to calendar Reduction of the ulnar styloid process in primates and sloths: is it really convergent?. Pierre Lemelin.
16 Add to calendar Kinematic strategies are scale-dependent during vertical climbing in primates. Garret Clemmons, Michael C. Granatosky, Daniel Schmitt, Jandy B. Hanna.
17 Add to calendar Validation of a multi-sensor, high-speed IMU-based motion measurement system. Marisol Guzman, Oshane O. Thomas, Allyson Julian, Maria Fox, John D. Polk.
18 Add to calendar From the lab to the forest: Does anatomy predict wrist kinematics in wild chimpanzees?. Lauren Sarringhaus, Craig Wuthrich, Laura M. MacLatchy.
19 Add to calendar The biomechanics of arboreal stability in gray squirrels and new world monkeys: further insights into the unique aspects of quadrupedal locomotion in nonhuman primates. Brad A. Chadwell, Adrienne N. Wolfe, Jesse W. Young.