The 81st Annual Meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists (2012)

Session 5. Bioarchaeology and Forensic Case Studies of Violence: Reconstructing Context and Meaning. Invited Poster Symposium. Chair: Cheryl P. Anderson and Debra L. Martin

Thursday Morning, Forum Suite Add to calendar

Bioarchaeology and forensic anthropology present complimentary perspectives for examining violence in both past and contemporary societies. An important goal of any investigation of conflict and trauma is to place the skeletal data into the larger social, political, or historical context. One way to get a deeper understanding of the motivations and consequences of violence for different categories of participants (e.g., victims, aggressors, captives, warriors) is to examine the different roles that individual agents and groups play and how they interact in a specific location. An example of this approach is teasing out the victims from the attackers in cases of indigenous or colonial warfare or sectarian conflicts. Careful analysis of the human remains, detailed observations on the burial context, and ethnographic or witness reports all can aid in providing a more accurate and nuanced reconstruction of past events. This session will highlight case studies of antemortem and perimortem trauma in contemporary, historic and precontact contexts. The focus will be on the theories and/or methods that are used to interpret violent interactions by identifying both the perpetrators of violence and those who suffered as a result of their actions. These integrated bioarchaeological-forensic approaches will aid in constructing the contexts where violence takes place. Ultimately, both subdisciplines aim to reconstruct and explain complex human behavior and so can benefit from directly sharing case studies, theories and methods.

2 Add to calendar Injury recidivism, trauma, and pathology in the multi-ethnic community at Grasshopper Pueblo (AD 1275-1400). Kathryn M. Baustian, Debra L. Martin, Ryan P. Harrod, Anna J. Osterholtz.
3 Add to calendar The contribution of forensic anthropology to national identity in Chile: a case study from the Patio 29 mass grave. Elizabeth M. DeVisser, Krista E. Latham, Marisol Intriago Lieva.
4 Add to calendar Using a regional approach to identifying aggressors in the archaeological record. William N. Duncan.
5 Add to calendar Killed in action? A biomechanical cross-sectional analysis of femora of supposed battle victims from the Middle Bronze Age site of Weltzin, Germany. Stefan Flohr, Elena Spanagel, Ute Brinker, Horst Kierdorf, Uwe Kierdorf.
6 Add to calendar Identifying sharp force defects: an analysis of ambiguous skeletal trauma recovered from the wreck of the royal Swedish battleship Kronan . Anna Kjellstrom, Michelle D. Hamilton.
7 Add to calendar Murder, sacrifice, or veneration: reconstructing the identities of the victims of lethal violence interred in Room 33. Ryan P. Harrod, Debra L. Martin.
8 Add to calendar Conflict and ethnic identity among the post-collapse Chanka of Andahauylas, Peru (ca. AD 1000-1400). Danielle S. Kurin.
9 Add to calendar Trauma in cross-cultural perspective: a comparative bioarchaeological study of prehistoric trauma in the Americas. Patricia M. Lambert.
11 Add to calendar Comparative interpretation of perimortem trauma from Spanish Conquest of Inca Empire, Peru. Melissa S. Murphy, Brian Spatola.
12 Add to calendar Bioarchaeological analysis and repatriation of the massacred Yaqui men, women and children studied by Hrdlicka. Ventura R. PĂ©rez, Heidi Bauer-Clapp.
13 Add to calendar The determination of homicide vs. suicide in gunshot wounds. Vincent H. Stefan.
14 Add to calendar Classic Maya warfare and human skeletal trophies: victims and aggressors. Rebecca Storey.
15 Add to calendar Face me like a man (or, like a woman): antemortem nasal fractures in pre-Columbian San Pedro de Atacama, Chile. Christina Torres-Rouff, Laura M. King.
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