The 81st Annual Meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists (2012)

Session 13. On the Verge of Modernity: Skeletal Adaptation in Recent Europeans. Invited Poster Symposium. Chair: Christopher B. Ruff, Brigitte Holt, Markku Niskanen, and Vladimir Sladek

Thursday Afternoon, Forum Suite Add to calendar

Evolution of the postcranial skeleton is often assumed to end with the appearance of “early anatomically modern humans” in the Late Pleistocene. However, the skeleton has continued to evolve and adapt to new environmental conditions, both natural and human-induced, over the past 30,000 years. Europe is the most densely sampled region in the world over this time period, and thus presents an ideal opportunity to assess the changes that have occurred in response to such factors as increased sedentism, urbanization, and mechanization, changes in social structure, and climatic change. In this symposium, we address these issues through morphological and biomechanical analyses of over 2000 skeletons sampled from throughout Europe and spanning the Late Paleolithic through 20th century. The primary focus is on body size and shape, reconstructed from various skeletal indicators (including anatomical reconstruction of stature), and long bone robusticity, determined from radiographic and external contour assessments of cross-sectional diaphyseal geometry. Topics to be considered include temporal and regional variation, sexual dimorphism, upper limb asymmetry, relationships between axial and appendicular structure and enthesis morphology and diaphyseal strength, and aging patterns and other demographic considerations. The results will have wide implications for our understanding of the most recent changes in body form characterizing modern humans.

2 Add to calendar Variation in sexual dimorphism of postcranial robusticity and body proportions in European Holocene populations . Margit Berner, Vladimír Sládek, Christopher Ruff, Brigitte M. Holt, Markku Niskanen, Patrik Galeta, Eliška Schuplerová, Martin Hora, Jaroslav Roman, Heather M. Garvin, Evan M. Garofalo, Danielle Tompkins.
3 Add to calendar Past human manipulative behavior in the European Holocene as assessed through humeral asymmetry. Kristýna Farkašová, Vladimír Sládek, Margit Berner, Christopher Ruff, Brigitte Holt, Markku Niskanen, Daniel Sosna, Patrik Galeta, Eliška Schuplerová, Martin Hora, Jaroslav Roman, Heather Garvin, Evan Garofalo, Danielle Tompkins.
4 Add to calendar Postcranial robusticity trends in Europe across the last 30,000 years. Brigitte Holt, Christopher Ruff, Markku Niskanen, Vladimir Sládek, Heather Garvin, Evan Garofalo, Dannielle Tompkins, Margit Berner, Juho-antti Junno, Rosa Vilkama.
5 Add to calendar Vertebral cross-sectional properties –temporal trends and influence of physical activity. Juho-Antti Junno, Markku Niskanen, Heli Maijanen, Miika t. Nieminen, Jaakko Niinimäki, Juha Tuukkanen, Chris Ruff.
6 Add to calendar Are loading patterns reflected in the relationship between musculoskeletal stress markers and biomechanical properties of the humeral diaphysis?. Sirpa T. Niinimäki, Markku E. Niskanen.
7 Add to calendar Temporal trends and regional differences in body size and shape of Europeans from the Late Pleistocene to recent times. Markku Niskanen, Christopher Ruff, Brigitte Holt, Vladimir Sládek, Margit Berner, Heather Garvin, Evan Garofalo, Dannielle Tompkins, Juho-Antti Junno, Heli Maijanen, Anna-Kaisa Salmi, Sirpa Niinimäki, Tiina Heikkilä, Rosa Vilkama, Kati Salo.
8 Add to calendar New techniques for estimating stature and body mass in European skeletal samples . Christopher B. Ruff, Brigitte Holt, Markku Niskanen, Vladimir Sladek.
9 Add to calendar Human postcranial morphology: trends in the Central European Holocene record. Vladimir Sladek, Margit Berner, Christopher Ruff, Daniel Sosna, Patrik Galeta, Petr Veleminsky, Eliska Schuplerova, Martin Hora, Jaroslav Roman, Anna Pankowska.
10 Add to calendar Mortality and stature in European antiquity . Dannielle L. Tompkins, Brigitte Holt, Christopher Ruff, Markku Niskanen, Vladimir Sladek, Margit Berner.
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