The 81st Annual Meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists (2012)

Session 30. The other faunivory: the significance of insects and insect resources for nonhuman primates, modern humans and extinct hominins. Invited Podium Symposium. Chair: Robert C. O'Malley and William C. McGrew

Saturday Morning, Galleria South Add to calendar

The earliest primates are hypothesized to have been predators on small animals, including insects. Today, insects are consumed (to varying degrees) by humans and all species of great apes. Inferences from the behavior of modern hunter-gatherers and African apes, analyses of hominin dental isotopes, and tool microwear studies suggest that insects and insect resources were consumed by some extinct hominins as well. There is broad recognition that greater exploitation of animal-source foods was significant in the evolution of the genus Homo, and that carnivory is both difficult and risky. However, the significance of insectivory (as well as predation on other invertebrates such as shellfish) has received comparatively little attention as an alternative or complimentary strategy to hunting. This symposium brings together scientists from the fields of primatology, evolutionary anthropology, paleontology, archaeology, nutritional ecology, and entomology to present research on the exploitation of insects and insect resources by living primates, modern humans and extinct hominins. The symposium will conclude with a discussionof unresolved questions and possible directions for further research.

8:00-8:15 Add to calendar The way of all flesh? 'The other faunivory' revisited. William C. McGrew.
8:15-8:30 Add to calendar The nutritional contribution of insects in the diets of modern humans: a geometric analysis. David Raubenheimer, Jessica M. Rothman.
8:30-8:45 Add to calendar Nutritional contributions of insects to primate diets. Jessica M. Rothman, David Raubenheimer.
8:45-9:00 Add to calendar Tarsiers and the stable isotope ecology of primate faunivory . Gillian L. Moritz, Nathaniel J. Dominy.
9:00-9:15 Add to calendar Seasonal variation in capuchin insectivory and invertebrate abundance. Amanda D. Melin, Krisztina N. Mosdossy, Hilary C. Young, Linda M. Fedigan.
9:15-9:30 Add to calendar Insect prey characteristics affecting regional variation in chimpanzee tool use. Crickette Sanz, Isra Deblauwe, Nikki Tagg, David Morgan.
9:30-9:45 Add to calendar The caloric and nutritional yields from insectivory for Kasekela chimpanzees. Robert C. O'Malley, Michael L. Power.
9:45-10:00 Add to calendar ‘The other faunivory’ at Semliki, Uganda: is there evidence for a ‘savanna chimpanzee’ pattern of insectivory?. Timothy H. Webster, William C. McGrew, Linda F. Marchant, Charlotte L.R. Payne, Kevin D. Hunt.
10:15-10:30 Add to calendar Energetics and biomechanics of humans climbing trees for honey . Vivek V. Venkataraman, Thomas S. Kraft, W Kyle. Heppenstall, Andrew J. Cunningham, Nathaniel J. Dominy.
10:30-10:45 Add to calendar Honey, hunter-gatherers, and human evolution. Frank W. Marlowe.
10:45-11:00 Add to calendar Mammalian faunivores: prey, foraging, and microwear. Suzanne G. Strait.
11:00-11:15 Add to calendar Termites and bone tools: implications of termite genera on the foraging behavior of the Swartkrans hominins. Julie J. Lesnik.
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