The 82nd Annual Meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists (2013)

Session 33. Reconciling 'stress' and 'health': What can bioarchaeologists learn from the other sub-disciplines. Invited Podium Symposium. Chair: Laurie Reitsema and Britney McIlvaine

Friday Afternoon, Ballroom A Add to calendar

Stress models in bioarchaeology account for synergistic interactions of environmental constraints, biology, cultural buffering systems, and psychological disruption in contributing to a physiological stress response.  One potential adverse impact of stress at both the individual and the population level is decreased health.  However, there is only an imperfect relationship between stress and health: certain skeletal stressors may not engender a decline in overall health, and vice versa.  Furthermore, health is an abstract concept with a continuum of expressions and with no single individual or population representing perfect health.  Despite an indirect correlation between stress and health, many bioarchaeological studies commonly claim to measure health in ancient populations.  What is actually being measured is skeletal stress, which is then used as a proxy for health.  This symposium begins to bridge the concepts of stress and health by using modern perspectives to quantify their interrelatedness.  The papers drawn together here provide new insight into our current understanding of health in bioarchaeological populations.

1:30-1:45 Add to calendar A look at the literature: Recent developments and long-term trends in the interpretation of skeletal stress markers and ancient health. Britney Kyle. McIlvaine, Laurie J. Reitsema.
1:45-2:00 Add to calendar Defining, operationalizing, and assessing the relationship between stress and health in contemporary Tanzanian mothers and children. Warren M. Wilson, Jason A. DeCaro.
2:00-2:15 Add to calendar Intra-household variation in anemia status and its relationship with self-perceived health in the Mexican Family Life Survey: Implications for Bioarchaeology. Barbara A. Piperata, Mark Hubbe, Kammi Schmeer.
2:15-2:30 Add to calendar Stress, social inequality, and growth retardation: Exploring the multidimensionality of stature variation in past populations. Giuseppe Vercellotti.
2:30-2:45 Add to calendar Health and disease: Exploring the consequences of infection on nutritional status. Susan Tanner.
2:45-3:00 Add to calendar In sickness and in death: What do age, stress, and illness in life tell us about skeletal remains? . Rachael Leahy, Douglas E. Crews.
3:00-3:15 Add to calendar Dental bioindicators of health: at the intersection of bioarchaeology and contemporary human biomonitoring programs. Alexis E. Dolphin.
3:15-3:30 Add to calendar Integrating pathophysiology, human biology, and epidemiology in studies of human remains: towards a clearer vision of stress and health in bioarchaeology. Haagen D. Klaus.
3:45-4:00 Add to calendar Addressing the osteological paradox using high resolution stable isotope analysis. Paul A. Sandberg, Matt Sponheimer, Julia Lee-Thorp, Dennis Van Gerven.
4:00-4:15 Add to calendar Apples, oranges, and incremental lines: a fresh look at enamel formation and long bone growth in prehistoric Illinois. Della C. Cook.
4:15-4:30 Add to calendar Health in post-Black Death London (1350-1538): Age patterns of periosteal new bone formation in a post-epidemic population . Sharon DeWitte.
4:30-4:45 Add to calendar Childhood Physiological Stress and Longevity. Richard H. Steckel.
4:45-5:00 Add to calendar Paradox and promise: The role of recent advances in paleodemography and paleoepidemiology to the study of ancient “health” patterns. Jeremy J. Wilson.
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