The 82nd Annual Meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists (2013)

Session 43. The Bioarchaeology of Disease Ideologies. Invited Poster Symposium. Chair: Carlina de la Cova and John Crandall

Saturday Morning, 200DE Add to calendar

Anthropologists have long documented illnesses, disease, and stress among the remains of past peoples. Bioarchaeologists, those studying ancient human biocultural interactions, have long diagnosed and described illnesses, identified the physically handicapped and sought to understand the evolution and ecology of ancient diseases. Increasingly, anthropology has pointed out the ways that health afflictions, injuries, and disabilities also have social lives. Through contextualized, careful archaeological research, bioarchaeologists have advocated placing health and disease data in cultural, regional, and temporal contexts to comprehend the social experience of disease and disability. Papers in this session build on this work to understand the symbolic, social and political dimensions of illness in the past using the concept of disease ideologies. Disease ideologies refer to communities’ understandings of illness or disability phenotypes. These etiologies include cultural comprehension of disease causation, moralization of the ill or an illness, and the ways social metaphors make sense of sickness. By using the concept of disease ideologies, we explicitly draw on theories commonly used in medical anthropology. In doing so, papers in this session seek to initiate greater dialogue between medical and cultural anthropologists, bioarchaeologists, and paleopathologists in order to bring their expertise to bear in unraveling the social and biological complexities of illness, disease, and disability in the past.

1 Add to calendar Bioarchaeology and “disability”: using the present to inform interpretations of past impairment. Charlotte A. Roberts.
2 Add to calendar Functional Impairment and Physical Stress in the Past: How Physiotherapy Ideologies Can Contribute to Bioarchaeological Interpretations. Rebecca J. Gilmour, Megan Brickley, Tracy Prowse.
3 Add to calendar Understanding Disability, Societal Expectations and Disease Ideology in Romano-British Mortuary Contexts. William A. Southwell-Wright.
4 Add to calendar Lives of Deprivation or Lives of Industry: Possible Cerebral Palsy on the Mary Rose. Rose Drew.
5 Add to calendar Normative ideologies of sample construction in bioarchaeological studies. Rachel J. Watkins.
6 Add to calendar Race, Disease, Disability, and Medical Ideologies tied to the American Anatomical Collections. Carlina M. de la Cova.
7 Add to calendar The Past as Prologue: Changing Disease Ideologies Surrounding HIV/AIDS in Zimbabwe. David S. Simmons.
8 Add to calendar Infectious diseases, beliefs and treatment before antibiotics: examples from Portuguese culture and skeletons. Ana Luisa Santos, Jorge Alexandre Suby.
9 Add to calendar Illness, Identity and the Mesoamerican Infant: A Regional Perspective. John J. Crandall, Debra L. Martin, Jennifer L. Thompson.
10 Add to calendar Fraility, Social Identity and Treponemal Disease in the Southeastern US. Sarah A. Mathena, Molly K. Zuckerman, Nicholas P. Herrmann.
12 Add to calendar Religious and Medical Healing in Medieval Irish Society. Rachel E. Scott.
13 Add to calendar The violence of everyday life: pathology, trauma, and community membership at Harappa. Elaine Blevins, Brett Cox, Gwen Robbins Schug.
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