1Anthropology, Southern Illinois University, 2Center for Archaeological Investigations, Southern Illinois University, 3Anthropology, University of Nevada, Las Vegas
April 16, 2020 , Platinum Ballroom
The prehistoric Midwest site of Carrier Mills (8000-2500 BP) provides a unique opportunity to examine the everyday life of individuals in a hunter-gatherer society with high levels of non-lethal violence, chronic illness, and increasing levels of disease. Individual 194, a 30-45-year-old late Middle Archaic male, exhibits an extensive amount of pathology and healed trauma combined with a chronic treponemal infection, which would have resulted in increasing levels of impairment throughout the course of his life. Individual 194 has a dislocated right hip, immobilized left elbow due to inflammation and bone growth, crushed and fused lower spine, destructive lesions to the cervical vertebrae and fractures to several ribs, right wrist, and nasal bones. There is also general periostitis present throughout the remains, the presence of treponemal disease, dental pathologies, and an osteoblastic reaction on the right humerus. The presence of cloacae and degree of bone formation suggests he survived for some time after the life-altering event(s). However, he would have had several impairments which would have limited his physical activities and he would have required help with many of his daily activities. This presentation constructs a general model of care for Individual 194’s injuries using the Bioarchaeology of Care methodology. The results indicate that the healthcare provisioning provided by family or members of his community would have required extensive time and resources, which would have had an overall effect on the community. How individual 194’s identity may have changed in the community and the potential community response is discussed.