The 89th Annual Meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists (2020)


Undernourished Amazon Brazilian children: still a problem?

LIGIA A. FILGUEIRAS1,2, HILTON P. SILVA2, EDSON MLS. RAMOS2, EDILA AF. MOURA2 and ARIANA KLS. SILVA1,2.

1Natural Science, UEPA/SEDUC, 2IFCH, Federal University of ParĂ¡

April 16, 2020 11, Platinum Ballroom Add to calendar

Quilombolas and Riverine are traditional, vulnerable, peasant Amazonian populations with specific ways of lifestyle. Nonetheless, few studies show results on their health and bioanthopological conditions. We studied 861 0-9 year old children from two riverine areas (Caxiuanã National Forest -FLONA – Pará State; Mamirauá Sustainable Development Reserve – Amazonas State) and six Quilombola communities (Pará State) under WHO parameters and social determinants of health. Quilombola children were -3 and -2 HAZ score (0-4 = 5.8%; 5-9 years old = 1.7%, respectively); 5.2% were overweight and 2.1% obese. Riverine children were -3 HAZ Z-score; 16.3% overweight and 3% obese, with Caxiuanã 0-4 male children in worse conditions (p = 0.0038) for its municipality is located in the lowest Brazilian Human Development Index. Generally, social determinants of health (SDH) continue to influence these populations’lives since there is lack of environmental sanitation, piped water, indoor bathrooms, difficult access to health due to distances between homes and health centers as most transportation is by small motor boats. Unhealthy food is easier reached since many of them have been receiving cash transfer programs as Bolsa Família, and they have quit fishing, farming, leading to food insecurity, higher BMI and health worsening such as chronic diseases in the future. It is noticeable overweight and obese conditions are spreading, as shown in recent studies worldwide, however, we still have great amount of malnourished children in the Brazilian Amazon region due to weak public policy implementation and government should interfere positively to change this trend.