The 89th Annual Meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists (2020)

Session 44. A Two-Way Street Tale: Integrating Biocultural Data for Discussing Past Human Diversity in the Americas. Invited Poster Symposium. Chair: Lumila P. Menendez Co-organizers: Mark Hubbe, Department of Anthropology, The Ohio State University, USA.

April 17, 2020 1 p.m. - 5 p.m., Diamond 7 Add to calendar

The study of the origin and evolution of the past human biological variation in the Americas has been approached from different points of views, through the analysis of molecular (Y-chromosome, mitochondrial-DNA, autosomal markers), morphological (cranial, dental, postcranial), and cultural (linguistic, lithic technology, physical activity) data. Over the past two decades, hundreds of articles, analyzing both extant and prehistoric individuals, have been published with the goal of elucidating the complex set of processes by which Native American populations diversified and evolved across space and time. However, despite this immense scientific effort, these studies have not been able to agree on the processes that gave rise to human diversity in the continent and have supported widely different models for the human evolution and dispersion in the Americas. For example, while most craniometrical studies report high morphological diversity among late Holocene populations of the Americas, the majority of molecular studies depict the lowest global values of genetic intra-population variation in the continent. These discrepancies resulted in different models, ranging between one and four waves of dispersion, defended for the settlement of the continent. Unfortunately, there are only a few research programs that currently aim to take on the challenge of integrating multiple sources of evidence, given the degree of academic specialization required to handle each data type. The crucial step to solve this limitation will be overcome only when an integrated framework for both genetic and non-genetic data is adopted to study biological diversity in the past. This symposium aims to bring together researchers working in the Americas that express similar concerns. We expect to create a stimulating environment for discussing the challenges and limitations with data integration with experts on the field that will promote enhanced and more accurate explanations for the origin and diversification of human populations in the Americas.

Discussant: Dennis H. O’Rourke
1 Add to calendar Reconstructing 10,000 years of human population history in western North and South America: Continuities and discontinuities with genomic and morphological data. Susan Kuzminsky, Lars Fehren-Schmitz.
2 Add to calendar Adaptation and human adaptability and its implications for the peopling of the Americas: a Big Data approach. Danilo V. Bernardo, Tatiana F. de Almeida.
3 Add to calendar Reconstructing manual physical activity in an early high-altitude Paleoindian settlement of the Peruvian Andes. Fotios Alexandros Karakostis, Hugo Reyes-Centeno, Michael Francken, Kurt Rademaker, Katerina Harvati.
4 Add to calendar Comparative analysis on the differential role of population history and selection during human morphological diversification in South America. Lumila P. Menéndez.
5 Add to calendar Geographic patterns of dental morphological variation in the New World: A view from ancient Mexico and Central and South America. Alejandra Ortiz, Shara E. Bailey.
6 Add to calendar Incorporating insights from dental quantitative genetics into studies of past biological variation in the Americas. Kathleen S. Paul, Christopher M. Stojanowski, G. Richard Scott.
7 Add to calendar Insights from Tooth Morphology on the Peopling of the Americas, with Special Emphasis on South America. G. Richard Scott, Tatiana Vlemincq-Mendieta, Kyra Stull.
8 Add to calendar Grammatical traits track the peopling of the Americas. Johanna Nichols.
9 Add to calendar Genetic relationships and linguistic diversity in present-day populations of South America. Chiara Barbieri, Rodrigo Barquera, Leonardo Arias, José R. Sandoval, Oscar Acosta, Camilo Zurita, Abraham Aguilar-Campos, Ana M. Tito-Álvarez, Ricardo Serrano-Osuna, Russell D. Gray, Fabrizio Mafessoni, Paul Heggarty, Kentaro K. Shimizu, Ricardo Fujita, Mark Stoneking, Irina Pugach, Lars Fehren-Schmitz.
10 Add to calendar Characterizing the human genomic diversity of the Incan Capacocha ceremony in Chile and Argentina. Constanza de la Fuente, Maanasa Raghavan, Mario Castro Dominguez, Ricardo Verdugo, Mauricio Moraga.
11 Add to calendar Issues of representativity: Simulating the effects of kinship patterns on genetic diversity in archaeological samples. Gonzalo Figueiro.
12 Add to calendar The peopling of South America: insights from genetic markers. Cristina B. Dejean, Cristian M. Crespo, Valeria Arencibia, Darío Cardozo, María B. Postillone, Sergio A. Avena.
13 Add to calendar Genomic insights into the human population history of Northwestern Amazonia. Leonardo Arias, Guillermo Barreto, Brigitte Pakendorf, Mark Stoneking.
14 Add to calendar The genetic differentiation of early Americans. Cosimo Posth.
15 Add to calendar Genomic perspectives of the Tupí Expansion. Marcos A. Castro-Silva, Alexandre Pereira, Maria C. Bortolini, Francisco M. Salzano, David Comas, Tábita Hünemeier.